Maynard F Jordan Planetarium Banner
        Galaxy Maine menu buttonSpace Academy menu buttonMissions  menu buttonStarbase Orono  menu buttonObservatory  menu buttonSky News  menu button
Galaxy Margin Image

Moon Shadows Cosmic Classroom Guide

Upon making a reservation to attend Moon Shadows at the Maynard F. Jordan Planetarium, you will receive a hard copy of the Cosmic Classroom Guide. In addition to the vocabulary and the activities that you see here, the hard copy has sections that cover getting ready to do the activity, resources and materials that you will need, steps to follow from beginning to end, questions for class discussion and some continuations and extensions that you may want to add to the activity. Below is a listing of the activities that you will find in the Moon Shadows Cosmic Classroom Guide accompanied by a description of the State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators and the State of Maine Learning Results Guiding Principles that will be addressed when you do that activity in your own classroom. In addition to these activities please make use of our resources and bibliography.

Acitivities

Hunters and Gatherers

Building a Lunar Settlement

A Month of Moons

Stars Give Off Light

Hunters and Gatherers

Objectives and State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators: Learners will be able to understand the relationship that other cultures see between Earth and the Moon. (3-4. Science and Technology. G. #1, G. #4.) (5-8. Science and Technology. G. #5.) (Secondary. Social Studies. History. B. #5.)
Learners will be able to describe how Native Americans used legends, stories, and actual events to name the phases of the moon. (Pre.K-2. Science and Technology. M. #1.)
The General Idea: Native Americans of different tribes and nations invented names for each Full Moon of the year. These names helped them to keep track of the full moons of each season. So the December full moon would be called the Long Night Moon, since days are at their longest during this month of the year. Other names for the Full Moons of the year come from activities that the tribe would have been doing during that time of year.

Building a Lunar Settlement

Objectives and State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators: Learners will be able to recognize (brainstorm) needs for human survival in space. (3-4. Science and Technology. K. #6.)
Learners will be able to design and build a model lunar settlement. (3-4. Science and Technology. J. #4, L. #4.) (5-8. Science and Technology. L. #4.)
Learners will be able to communicate their design concepts and ideas with other students. (3-4. Science and Technology. L. #7.) (5-8. Science and Technology. L. #6.)
The General Idea: Here is a chance for you to use up some of those interesting scraps and snips of things that most people throw away, but could make perfect components for a model lunar settlement. In this activity, students first think of everything they would need to survive for years on a lunar settlement, and then design and build a model of such a settlement from various easy to find parts.
This activity can take on different meanings to different age groups. For older students, the question of what is necessary to survive in space can have special significance, since they soon may be candidates for space missions themselves. For younger students, this activity is more of an open ended creative process of building a home on the moon.

A Month of Moons

Objectives and State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators: Learners will be able to explain that the motion of the moon around the Earth causes the phases of the moon (3-4. Science and Technology. G. #1., G. #4.) (5-8. Science and Technology. G. #5.)
Learners will be able to make predictions of upcoming moon phases (3-4. Science and Technology. J. #3.)
Learners will be able to discuss the scientific and practical aspects of the activity (3-4. Science and Technology. L. #3.)
The General Idea: Long ago people invented the word "MONETH" to describe the length of time it takes for the moon to show all of its different phases. By carefully watching the changing appearance of the moon, you are watching time pass. Some people know the moon so well, they can tell how many days have gone by since the last time they looked at the moon. You can begin to know the moon by keeping a record of the changing moon as the month, or moneth, goes by.

Stars Give Off Light

Objectives and State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators: The learners will be able to explain that stars give off light (3-4. Science and Technology. G. #2).
The learners will be able to demonstrate an understanding that moons and planets get their light from stars.
The learners will be able to show that the Sun is a star (Pre.K-2. Science and Technology. G. #3).
The learners will be able to describe the effects of Sun light on how we see other stars during the day.
The General Idea: To the untrained eye, the night sky is ablaze with the light of thousands of tiny dots. From here on Earth it is sometimes hard to tell the stars from the planets. This activity will help students understand that while both the stars and planets appear to shimmer in the night sky, they are very different objects indeed.

State of Maine Learning Results Guiding Principles

The lessons in the Cosmic Classroom Guide, in combination with Moon Shadows, will help students to work towards some of the Guiding Principles set forth by the State of Maine Learning Results. By the simple act of visiting the planetarium, students of all ages open an avenue for self-directed lifelong learning. A field trip encourages students to think about learning from all environments including those beyond the school yard. A Jordan Planetarium visit also introduces visitors to the campus of the largest post-secondary school in Maine and encourages them to think of this as a place which holds opportunities for their future education, enjoyment and success.

Other sites on the University campus, including three museums, explore a variety of subjects, and the Visitors Center is always willing to arrange tours of the campus. A field trip can contribute to many different disciplines of the school curriculum and demonstrate that science is not separate from art, from mathematics, from history, etc. The world is not segregated into neat little boxes with labels such as social studies and science. A field trip is an opportunity for learning in an interdisciplinary setting, to bring it all together and to start the process of thinking. For a more complete discussion of field trips, please visit the Jordan Planetarium web site.

If used in its entirety and accompanied by the Planetarium visit this guide will help students to:

Become a clear and effective communicator through
A. oral expression such as class discussions, and written presentations
B. listening to classmates while doing group work, cooperation, and keeping records.

Become a self-directed and life long learner by
A. introducing students to career and educational opportunities at the University of Maine and the Maynard F. Jordan Planetarium.
B. encouraging students to go further into the study of the subject at hand, and explore the question of “what if?”
C. giving students a chance to use a variety of resources for gathering information

Become a creative and practical problem solver by
A. asking students to observe phenomena and problems, and present solutions
B. urging students to ask extending questions and find answers to those questions
C. developing and applying problem solving techniques
D. encouraging alternative outcomes and solutions to presented problems

Become a collaborative and quality worker through
A. an understanding of the teamwork necessary to complete tasks
B. applying that understanding and working effectively in their assigned groups
C. demonstrating a concern for the quality and accuracy needed to complete an activity

Become an integrative and informed thinker by
A. applying concepts learned in one subject area to solve problems and answer questions in another
B. participating in class discussion

State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators

In conjunction with the Maynard F. Jordan Planetarium show Moon Shadows this guide will help you meet the following State of Maine Learning Results Performance Indicators in you classroom. For the complete State of Maine Learning Results Publication on-line, please visit http://www.state.me.us/education/lres/lres.htm

Grades Pre. K-2
Science and Technology

E. Structure of Matter
#2. Describe some physical properties of an object

G. Universe
#3. Demonstrate and understanding that the Sun is one of many stars in the universe and is the closest star to Earth.

M. Implications of Science and Technology
#1. Describe how legends, stories, and scientific explanations are different ways in which people attempt to explain the world.

Grades 3-4
Science and Technology

G. Universe
#1. Illustrate the relative positions of the Sun, moon, and planets.

#2. Trace the sources of Earth's heat and light energy to the Sun

#3. Describe the Earth's rotation on its axis and its revolution around the Sun.

#4. Explore the relationship between Earth and its moon.

I. Motion
#1. Describe the effects of different types of forces on motion.

#2. Draw conclusions about how the amount of force affects the motion of more massive and less massive objects.

J. Inquiry and Problem Solving
#1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure
#3. Use results in a purposeful way.

#4. Design and build an invention.

K. Scientific Reasoning
#6. Practice and apply simple logic, intuitive thinking, and brainstorming.

L. Communication
#3. Reflect on work in science and technology using such activities as discussions, journals, and self-assessment.

#4. Make and/or use sketches, tables, graphs, physical representations, and manipulatives to explain procedures and ideas.

#7. Function effectively in groups within assigned roles.

Social Studies

History.
B. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, and Patterns
#2. Demonstrate an awareness of major events and people in United States and Maine history.

English Language Arts

B. Literature and Culture
#3. Respond to speakers in a variety of ways.

#7. Identify and explain how characters and situations found in various materials are like people or events in their own lives or in other works.

Grades 5-8
Science and Technology

F. The Earth
#4. Describe factors that can cause short-term and long-term changes on the Earth.

G. Universe
#3. Compare and contrast distances and the time required to travel those distances on Earth, in the solar system, in the galaxy, and between galaxies.

#4. Describe scientists exploration of space and the objects they have found.

# 5. Describe the motions of moons, planets, stars, solar systems, and galaxies.

J. Inquiry and Problem Solving
#1. Make accurate observations using appropriate tools and units of measure.

#2. Design and conduct scientific investigations which include controlled experiments and systematic observations.
Collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions fairly.

K. Scientific Reasoning
#1. Examine the ways people form generalizations

L. Communication
#4. Make and use scale drawings, maps, and three dimensional models to represent real objects, find locations, and describe relationships.

M. Implications of Science and Technology
#1. Research and evaluate the social and environmental impacts of scientific and technological developments.

Social Studies

History.
B. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, and Patterns
#4. Demonstrate an understanding of selected twentieth century issues and events in United States and in Maine history including "modern" Maine history.

Grades 9-12
Science and Technology

F. The Earth
#5. Demonstrate how rocks and minerals are used to determine geologic history.

G. Universe
#1. Describe how scientists gather data about the universe.

H. Energy
#2. Describe how light is reflected and refracted by mirrors and lenses.

I. Motion
#2. Explain some current theories of gravitational force.

#4. Describe how forces affect fluids.

M. Implications of Science and Technology
#1. Examine the impact of political decisions on science and technology.

Social Studies

History.
B. Historical Knowledge, Concepts, and Patterns
#5. Explain how different ways of knowing and believing have influenced human history and culture.

U maine Logo

Contact | Star Shows | Public Shows | Field Trips | UMaine | Observatory

Maynard F. Jordan Planetarium, 5781 Wingate Hall, Orono, ME 04469-5781
Phone: (207) 581-1341